FACTS ABOUT GARAGE DOORS AND OPENERS
|A garage door is the
largest moving object in your home. Proper installation and maintenance of a
garage door and opener is required to insure a safe and trouble free operation.
Garage doors are easily raised and lowered by a spring system and moving parts
such as rollers, bearings and hinges. The springs are under significant pressure
and thus, a door properly adjusted and lubricated by a professional will prevent
injury and damage and insure smooth operation.
Sectional Steel Doors
The most common garage door is the sectional steel door. These economical and long lasting doors come in a variety of sizes, thickness, colors, and options. Residential steel garage door sections or panels come in 24, 25, and 26 gauges with 24 gauge being the thickest. The most popular spring system uses torsion springs above the center of the door. Narrow doors will have one spring while wider doors should have two. The gauge or thickness of the hinges, track, and brackets will have a bearing on the longevity and operation of the door. Rollers, which ride in the track, should be of high quality and should contain ten balls in the bearing raceway.
Steel doors can be insulated, steel backed, and come with raised or flush panels. Other features include windows, windows with decorative inserts, key locks, and hardware upgrades.
Insulation along with perimeter or jamb seal can improve the comfort level of your home and reduce energy costs. Residential doors are usually insulated with a vinyl backed polystyrene sheet, friction fitted by an experienced technician in the installers warehouse. Insulation can also be sandwiched between the steel exterior skin and a flat interior steel cover. These doors are manufactured and are more expensive.
Windows can be plain or furnished with inserts in a variety of designs and colors to match the base door color.
Wood garage doors come in a variety of designs and give your home a rich warm feeling. Wood doors require more maintenance than a steel door to prevent warping and rotting. Typically, wood doors are significantly more expensive than steel doors.
Garage Door Openers
Garage door openers provide ease of access to your garage from your vehicle. There are three basic residential opener types- chain, screw, or belt drives. The quietness and maintenance requirements improve from the chain to the belt drive. They come in one third or one half horsepower models. The ½ horsepower models usually come with an improved warranty on the motor.
Openers are furnished with remote controls, which are kept in your vehicle and can be furnished to open up to three doors or two doors and a gate. A keyless entry pad can be installed on the outside of your garage door to gain access from other than your vehicle. Additionally, a wall button located at the entry from your garage to your house, will allow you to open and close the door. Most wall buttons will also allow you turn the opener lights on and off and lock out your opener when you are away for extended periods.
Federal law requires that an infrared light beam safety system be installed on all openers sold after January 1999. The light beam senses when an object is in the path of a closing door and reverses the travel of the door to prevent injury or damage.
To enhance the operation, longevity and safety of your garage door and opener, yearly maintenance should be performed by experienced professional using approved materials. The maintenance should include tightening, lubricating, adjusting and testing of all garage door and opener components.